Medieval Thought

Thomas Aquinas on Human Nature: A Philosophical Study of

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Nature is antagonistic (both human and non-human); we must quickly as possible convert nature into artifice. How do beautiful things differ from the everyday? Now, God is a rational being, and so too are we human beings. The type of existence, if any, of universals and abstract objects is an issue of debate. His university was the streets --the market, the workshops, the gymnasiums, the public squares, and anywhere else he might find someone interesting with whom to speak.
History of Mediaeval Jewish Philosophy

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Matter and Motion (central concept of mechanism) are regarded by Cardano as principles -- but they must share their states with form, place, and soul. 4. What is the connection between God and morality? As discussed previously, Aquinas follows Aristotle’s intellectualism in regards to the relationship of the will and the intellect. Neo-Confucianism has its origins in the Tang Dynasty; the Confucianist scholars Han Yu and Li Ao are seen as forbears of the Neo-Confucianists of the Song Dynasty.
Augustine: Political Writings (Cambridge Texts in the

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Name "Cynic" comes from nickname given Diogenes: the Dog. So it does more harm than good� (ibid, 1.12). In the latter, he makes clear that the doctrine of learned ignorance is not intended to deny knowledge of the existence of God, but only to deny all knowledge of God’s nature. Boethius eventually becoming Theoderic’s ‘Master of Offices’, one of the most senior administrative officials. Especially noteworthy are the contributions by Alan Donagan ("Thomas Aquinas on Human Action"), Timothy Potts ("Conscience"), Calvin Normore ("Future Contingents"), and Marilyn McCord Adams ("Universals in the Early Fourteenth Century").
Medieval Political Philosophy: A Sourcebook (Agora Editions)

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In reply to this argument it can be urged that the Imam, though not dead, is equally inaccessible, since he is said to be m temporary concealment(gha’ib). [56] Despite the vehemence with which al-Ghazali inveighs against the Isma’ilis and their splinter groups in his works, [57] his polemics against the Arab Neo-Platonists are by far the most sustained and the most searching. This conception is related to the ideal of a balance among the different sides of a person's being and life which played a major role in many strains of Hellenic and Hellenistic thought.
The Legacy of Maimonides

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This law, the Torah, contains commandments of two kinds: rational, such as the prohibitions against murder and theft, which reason can also discover on its own, and traditional, such as the Sabbath and dietary laws, which must be revealed through the will of God. One learns to paint by painting, and one learns to appreciate pictures by going to galleries and looking at them. (Aldous Huxley, The Perennial Philosophy) What moves men of genius, or rather what inspires their work, is not new ideas, but their obsession with the idea that what has already been said is still not enough. (Eugene Delacroix) In the brush doing what it's doing, it will stumble on what one couldn't do by oneself. (Robert Motherwell) But perhaps my art is the art of a lunatic, I thought, mere glittering quicksilver, a blue soul breaking in upon my pictures. (Marc Chagall) We would go out and paint all day, come back, drink wine and go to bed.
An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Vol IV: From the

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Rummel, E., The Humanist-Scholastic Debate in the Renaissance and Reformation (Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press, 1995). A specialist in political philosophy, he has written extensively on issues of democratic theory, freedom of expression, religious freedom, political equality, and global justice. How can it be present at many places and many times? Each of us must find it out for ourselves." While Socrates agreed with the Sophists that personal experience is important, he disagreed with their view that no truth exists beyond personal opinion.
The Revival of Scholastic Philosophy in the Nineteenth

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COURSE DESCRIPTION: This course will be an historical survey of philosophy in the West. Abelard's emphasis on the powers of reason, which he exaggerated in his early years, led to his condemnation by Bernard of Clairvaux. Boffio G �Perch� fu condannato al fuoco l'astrologo Cecco d'Ascoli?� Studi e Documenti di Storia e Diritto 20, 1899 Courtenay, William �Inquiry and Inquisition: Academic Freedom in the Medieval Universities� Church History 58, 1989 Feyerabend, Paul Against Method 3rd Ed, London 1993 Kuhn, Thomas The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 3rd Ed, Chicago 1996 Molland AG �Medieval Ideas of Scientific Progress� Journal of the History of Ideas 39:4, 1978 Rashdall, Hastings The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages New Edition (Powicke FM and Emden AB (eds.)), 3 volumes, Oxford 1936 Sarton, George Introduction to the History of Science 3 volumes in 5, Baltimore 1931 Thijssen JMMH �Master Amalric and the Amalricians: Inquisitorial Procedure and the Suppression of Heresy at the University of Paris� Speculum 71:1, 1996 Thijssen JMMH Censure and Heresy at the University of Paris: 1200 - 1400 Philadelphia 1998 Thijssen JMMH �1277 Revisited: A New Interpretation of the Doctrinal Investigations of Thomas Aquinas and Giles of Rome� Vivarium 34, 1997 Thorndike, Lynn History of Magic and Experimental Science 8 volumes, New York 1934 - 58 White, Andrew Dickson History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom 2 volumes, New York 1896
Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy: Volume 1

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For Berkeley the notion of any mind-independent reality whatsoever was fundamentally incoherent: all that exists are minds and their ideas. Readers will also want to consult the biographies of medieval authors, in Appendix C, for extensive information on the lives and work of the figures discussed in the chanters. He also developed Averroes' work with Aristotle by turning Aristotle on his head and showing how Aristotle's methods of philosophy were the best means by which to understand God and prove God's existence-- though Aristotle had denied the existence of a creator.
The Repentant Abelard

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This argument is taken straight from Plato. According to Aquinas “man always perceives to be good. Al-Fârâbî, Philosopher à Bagdad au Xe siècle, intro. by Ali Benmakhlouf, transl. by Stéphane Diebler, glossary by Pauline Koetschet (Points 578). Next we deny the philosophical attributes: he is not power, knowledge, or goodness as humans understand the terms. He maintained, in a modified version of the double-truth doctrine of Averroës, that all religious beliefs are matters of faith, except for the belief in the existence of God, which he regarded as logically provable.
The Supersensible in Kant's Critique of Judgment (American

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This course will examine the nature of metaphysics, and the role it has played in the history of philosophy. From the 8th Century, the Mutazilite School of Islam pursued a rational theology known as Kalam to defend their principles against the more orthodox Ash'ari School, and can be seen as an early form of Scholasticism. They also believe in metempsychosis, the transmigration of souls, or reincarnation.