Medieval Thought

Lonesome Traveler (Penguin Modern Classics)

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However, in human beings this scheme takes on a notably different character, a moral character. It is, therefore, a matter of constant surprise to those who know Scholasticism to find it misrepresented on this vital point. In the Arabic-speaking world, Arab nationalist philosophy became the dominant school of thought, involving philosophers such as Michel Aflaq, Zaki al-Arsuzi, Salah al-Din al-Bitar of Ba'athism and Sati' al-Husri. Course Description: Survey of the principal political theories and philosophies from ancient Greece through the Middle Ages, including the contributions of Thucydides, Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, St.
Debating Medieval Natural Law: A Survey

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Among the exceptions are philosophies represented by famous advocates of ancient Indian spiritual views, such as mystic philosopher Sri Aurobindo Ghose—a nationalist revolutionary who opposed British rule of India in the early 20th century—and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who was president of India from 1962 to 1967, within the period immediately following the country's struggle for independence. Ibn Gabriol’s most celebrated doctrine was that on universal hylomorphism. by St. which is the soul of the entire created cosmos. just as our individual souls sustain our bodies.
The History of Scepticism from Erasmus to Descartes

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The science among Milesians was stronger than their philosophy and somewhat crude, but it encouraged observation in many subsequent thinkers and was also a good stimulus to approach in a rational fashion many of the traditional questions that had previously been answered through religion and superstition. Information reasonably sufficient to permit us to contact the complaining party, including address, telephone number and email address where the complaining party may be contacted; 5.
A History of Women Philosophers: Modern Women Philosophers,

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In this state there live citizens and noncitizens of various kinds. Augustine's influence is matched by that of Boethius whose plan was to transmit to the Latin West the works of Plato and Aristotle. a. The mysterious title °The Name of The Rose ± first suggested a woman was at play, which is evident when Adso be beds the town girl. ... Gilson’s second series of lectures begins with an examination of Christian Socratism, or the philosophic—and religious—tradition of self-knowledge in Christian philosophy.
Ibn Gabirol's Theology of Desire: Matter and Method in

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To what category does the duckbilled platypus belong? Greeks called such a primary element a physis, and those who tried to discover it were called physicists. At that meeting it was agreed that we would try to meet once a term, probably in London. That uniformity, which came under increasing strain as national European characteristics became more pronounced, achieved perhaps its most perfect intellectual expression in the thought of the western Christian thinkers who are sometimes called 'scholastic theologians'.
Reason, Community and Religious Tradition-Anselm's argument

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Scotus’ was among them. a slight majority that included Scotus. Common natures are real, and they have a real unity of their own distinct from the unity of the individuals in which they exist. Whereas for Kant the autonomy of ethics further implied that ethics is independent of the emotions, Lazarus maintained that ethics is grounded in the emotions of duty and obligation. Perhaps it is necessary to state in conclusion that, while I am fully aware of the shortcomings of the present book, I continue, after more than ten years of study and reflection, and despite certain criticisms, to stick to the overall thematic and historiographical schema originally adopted in writing it.
Erasmus and His Times

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Among his current projects are essays on hearing and listening in the fifteenth century, the modern and postmodern reception of Guillaume de Machaut, and a book exploring film scoring and the visionary experience. Perhaps art should be thought of as a cluster of related concepts in a Wittgensteinian fashion (as in Weitz or Beuys ). The resulting intellectual perfection ensures entry into the "world-to-come," a cognitive state of contemplation.
The Cultures of Maimonideanism (Supplements to the Journal

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The earth is fixed at the center of the universe and the celestial spheres revolve around it. Such a community is a sub-set whole human race—indeed a world community would not be expedient, since it would be too difficult to govern. But three basic presuppositions about human nature and human society generally prevailed: (1) the importance of the polis as the enabling context (or inhibiting context) of individual development. Anthony Kenny on Medieval Philosophy: Section 4 Want to watch this again later?
The Logic of Desire: Aquinas on Emotion

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One of the most distinctive intellectual movements within the Renaissance was humanism�which was originally called �humanities�, that is, the study of humanity. Henceforth, the Boethian principle of “joining faith with reason” would entail the never-ending task of bringing belief into a meaningful coordination with the incessantly multiplying stock of natural knowledge, both of humans and of the universe. The general pattern of that history as Wolfson understands it was elaborated by him in Philo roughly as follows.
Dialogue of Comfort Against Tribulation

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Street, Tony, “Suhrawardî on Modal Syllogisms,” in Islamic Thought, pp. 163-78. Universities were divided into “faculties.” The four most common ones were the faculties of arts, law, medicine, and theology. While for Judah Ḥalevi prophecy is primarily a gift of God and not the result of natural processes, he attaches two conditions to its attainment: prophecy can be attained only in Ereẓ Israel or (to account for prophets who prophesied outside Ereẓ Israel) the content of the prophecy, at least, must be about Ereẓ Israel; and only those who observe the divine commandments can be prophets (2:8–14).